Sunday, 2 April 2017

Slip Disc (Slipped Disc) in the Neck

The cervical spine in the neck consists of 7 bony vertebrae, from C1 to C7. The cervical spinal cord is protected by these bony vertebrae as it travels down from the brain. The cervical spinal cord is considered as the most important part of the spinal cord when compared with the thoracic, lumbar and sacral levels. The cervical spinal segments of the spinal cord contribute to the major musculature of respiration and are involved in the autonomic nervous system of our body. Therefore, an injury to the cervical spinal cord can lead to major dysfunction of the body system and sometimes this can be fatal. Herniated nucleus pulposus, or slip disc (slipped disc), and degenerativedisc disease are the two most common disorders affecting the spinal disc in the cervical spine.

There are a few causes that can lead to slip disc injury or nucleus pulposus herniation in the cervical spine. A trauma or accident can cause spinal disc injury with a sudden onset. However, most of the slip disc injuries in the neck are caused by prolonged irritation from chemical and mechanical degenerative changes in the cervical spine. Occupation based injuries are one of the main contributors to slip disc in the neck, especially prolonged desk work with poor work place ergonomics. Slip disc in the neck can cause not only neck pain but also pain and/or numbness and tingling sensation in the upper back, arm, forearm, hand and fingers.

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